DESCRIPTION OF THE LOCAL SETTING
Ethiopia Adventist College Institution
Ethiopia Adventist College (EAC) is located on 235 Kms to the south of Addis Abeba, the nation’s Capital. It is found in Oromia Regional State, West Arsi Zone of Shashemene Woreda (District). As far as the church structure is concerned, it is found in South Eastern Ethiopia Field (SEEF) of the Seventh day Adventist territory, under the auspices of Ethiopia Union Mission (EUM). The college is situated in the Great Rift Valley Region on the great North-South main highway that runs from Addis Abeba to Moyale, Kenya. It has a beautiful campus with an attracting scenery and pleasant weather.
The Historical Background of Ethiopia Adventist College
Located on a 182-hectare property at Kuyera, some four hours drive from Addis Abeba, Ethiopia Adventist College traces its roots to the start of an elementary school in 1947. By 1955 the school grew into a full secondary institution. The needs of a growing church and the challenge of taking the gospel to a vast unentered territory led the church leadership to begin a junior college in 1964, offering a variety of programs that catered to the demands of the church and the community. However, owing to changing political conditions in the country, the college program was discontinued in 1975. In 1990 the College reopened its doors, offering a two-year program in Agriculture, Business, Education, and Religion. The College soon obtained accreditation from the Adventist Accrediting Association, commonly known as Triple A, or simply “AAA”.
In 1998, the College obtained permission and accreditation from the Ethiopian Ministry of Education to offer diploma courses in Business Administration (Accounting, Management), Education, English, Biology and Agriculture. In 2001, the College entered into an affiliation arrangement with the University of Eastern Africa Baraton (UEAB), located in Kenya, and began a four-year degree program in Accounting, Management, and Theology. This academic arrangement, approved by AAA, fulfilled a vital need for the educational aspirations of the constituency of Ethiopia Union Mission, which by then had crossed 100,000 membership marks with some 600 churches.
A devastating fire in 1999 completely destroyed the main administrative block with most of the library holdings and crucial (academic and financial) records. The entire facility became unusable.
While shifting its activities to temporary buildings on the campus and to the secondary school, the College completed a new facility in 2002. A year later the College, still affiliated with UEAB, petitioned the Ministry of Education of the Government of Ethiopia for permission and accreditation to begin degree granting programs in Business Administration and Community Development and Leadership. The government responded positively.
Meanwhile, the College also sought denominational upgrading into a senior college status, which was granted in January 2005 on a candidacy basis until 2007. Since 2007 the College faced certain destabilizing forces that caused not only both the Union and the Division to intervene, but also the Ethiopian Federal Government. Empowered by the later to operate the college under the existing denominational structure, the Union proceeded by changing the college administration about three years later.
At present EAC is offering degree programs as well as Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET) certificates. In addition, EAC runs a Preparatory school (Grades 11-12), an Academy or High school (Grades 9-10), an Elementary school (first and second cycles, or Grades 1-8), and an Overseas school (Kindergarten to Grade 6 or KG-6). A plan is underway to design and offer additional degree and TVET programs to respond to current needs and the new educational policy of the government.
The College and its Departments
In 2016 the college has over 1025 students who were attending in the departments of Accounting, Management, Community Development and Leadership, Theology, Religion and TVET. In the same year, the college has received an accreditation from the Ministry Of Education to run Educational Planning and Management (EDPM) in degree. The college, together with its schools stated in the previous section, had a student population of nearly 2024 students. The contract, regular and casual or daily workers of the institution totaled about 204 workers. All together the college administered about 2228 people distributed in various departments.